Africa’s leading financial institution, the United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc has announced its audited half-year financial results for the half-year ended June 30, 2021, showing impressive growth across all major income lines and performance indicators.
The pan African financial institution delivered a 33.4 percent appreciation in its profit before tax which rose to N76.2 billion as of June 2021, up from the N57.1 billion recorded in the same period of 2020. This translated to an annualized Return on Average Equity (RoAE) of 17.5 percent as against 14.4 percent a year earlier. This feat was recorded despite the challenging business and economic environment that emerged from the slow pace of activities following the global lockdown occasioned by the Covid-19 pandemic.
The results submitted to the Nigerian Exchange Limited showed that the group’s profit after tax stood at N60.6 billion, representing a significant rise by 36.3 percent, compared with the N44.4 billion recorded in the half-year of 2020.
Similarly, gross earnings grew to N316 billion, which was a five percent increase, from the N300.6 billion recorded as of June 2020.
According to the results, at June 30, 2021, the group’s total assets crossed the N8 trillion mark as it increased to N8.3 trillion, up from N7.7 trillion at the end of the 2020 financial year. Its customer deposit also crossed the N6 trillion mark, growing by 7.4 percent to N6.1 trillion in the period under review, compared with N5.7 trillion as of December 2020.
Furthermore, the group’s Shareholders’ Funds remained robust at N752.5 billion, up from N724.1 billion in December 2020, reflecting its strong capacity for internal capital generation.
In line with the bank’s culture of paying both interim and final cash dividends, the Board of Directors of UBA declared an interim dividend of 20 kobo per share for every ordinary share of 50 kobo each, held by its shareholders.
Commenting on the results, UBA’s Group Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Kennedy Uzoka, expressed delight over the bank’s performance in the first half of the year.
He added: “This has been a strong first half for us, as global economic recovery exceeded expectations, creating a positive rub-off on consumer and corporate confidence, savings, and investment activities.
“We saw this positively impact our business, as we continued to leverage our key strategic levers – People, Process and Technology, and our Customer-first philosophy, to revolutionize customer experience at UBA.”
He added that the bank’s investment in the Rest of Africa (excluding Nigeria) continues to yield good results for the group.
Uzoka added: “The benefits of pan-African business diversification accruing to the Group is once again evident, with gross earnings and interest income growth of 5.1 percent and 8.3 percent respectively, despite the low yield environment in our largest market, Nigeria.
“We are making remarkable progress on our strategy that is progressively positioning UBA as the bank of choice on the continent, driven by our emphasis on tech-led innovation and best customer experience.”
Continuing, the GMD pointed out that the bank recognizes the far-reaching effects of the pandemic on businesses globally, and remains focused on its promise to always provide our customers with the best banking experiences possible.
“Our first half 2021 (H1 2021) performance reflects our progressive efforts in building on the strong momentum that we started the year with. As a purpose-driven organization, we remain resolute in our drive for sustained growth in customer acquisition, transaction volumes, and balance sheet, as we consolidate our ‘Africa’s Global Bank’ market position in the years ahead, uplifting livelihoods across the continent,” Uzoka explained.
UBA’s Group Chief Financial Officer (GCFO), Ugo Nwaghodoh, on his part, noted that the bank’s goal was to achieve a marked improvement in earnings quality whilst maintaining positive operating leverage as well as top-notch asset quality.
“The Group recorded RoAE of 17.5 percent (from 15.1% in 2020H1) and a Net-Interest-Margin of 5.8 percent (from 5.4% in H12020) as we played the volatile yield environment diligently for the best return on our interest-earning assets.
“Capital position remained strong, with capital adequacy and liquidity ratios of 23.9 percent (22.4% in 2020H1) and 58.3 percent (58.2% in 2020H1) respectively. This is robust enough to support our growth ambitions,” he said.
The GCFO pointed out that even while the operating environment remains largely uncertain and volatile, despite marked improvement from Covid-19 induced macroeconomic stress, UBA will continue to build resilience through its geographically diversified business model to support headline earnings growth for the Group.
“We remain committed to our 18 percent and 15 percent respective RoAE and deposit growth guidance for FY 2021, as we continue to invest in growth opportunities across our geographies of operation, whilst managing capital and balance sheet prudently,” Nwaghodoh stated.
UBA offers banking services to more than twenty-five million customers, across over 1,000 business offices and customer touchpoints, in 20 African countries.
With a presence in the United States of America, the United Kingdom, and France, UBA is connecting people and businesses across Africa through retail; commercial and corporate banking; innovative cross-border payments and remittances; trade finance, and ancillary banking services.
Air Fare To Rise Further, Nigeria To Lose Revenue Over Foreign Airlines’ Trapped Funds
Over a month ago, Kamil Al Awadhi, vice-president for Africa and the Middle East, International Air Transport Association (IATA), converged with journalists in Doha, Qatar, at the 78th annual general meeting and world air transport summit.
Al Awadhi’s simple task was to intimate the press on the economic positioning of the global aviation sector and other key issues critical to the association’s goals.
Clearly stated: Foreign airlines are unable to repatriate about $450 million in earnings.
Al Awadhi said as of April, a total of $1.6 billion in funds were blocked by 20 countries worldwide — with 67 percent of it tied up in 12 African nations.
But the amount blocked in Nigeria, a country currently dealing with a shortfall of foreign exchange (FX) and a dwindling reserve, is the highest in Africa.
“Nigeria alone is holding back $450 million. It is the most amount blocked by any single African country, and the amount is rising every week,” Al Awadhi had complained.
“Cash flow is key for airlines’ business sustainability — when airlines are unable to repatriate their funds, it severely impedes their operations and limits the number of markets they can serve.
More frustrating for Al Awadhi was that attempts to recover the funds have hit walls tremendously.
In fact, talks with Nigerian officials to release the funds have been a “hectic ride”, Al Awadhi said.
He warned that the position of the authorities could lead to reduced air connectivity and maybe, make Nigeria distasteful to investors.
“The consequences of reduced air connectivity include the erosion of that country’s competitiveness, diminished investor confidence, and reputational harm caused by a perception that it is a high-risk place to do business,” he added.
Barely a month after the air transport summit ended, Al Awadhi’s predictions of some consequences are already manifesting and making a scapegoat out of travellers and travel agents.
On August 15, Emirates Airlines, the flag carrier of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), said it would reduce flight operations to Nigeria over the inability to repatriate about $85 million in revenue.
“We have had no choice but to take this action, to mitigate the continued losses Emirates is experiencing as a result of funds being blocked in Nigeria,” the airline said in a recent statement.
“As of July 2022, Emirates has US$85 million of funds awaiting repatriation from Nigeria. This figure has been rising by more than $US 10 million every month, as the ongoing operational costs of our 11 weekly flights to Lagos and 5 to Abuja continue to accumulate.”
A travel agent at the Muritala Muhammad International Airport in Lagos told TheCable that the news of the federal government’s refusal to allow access to the sum is leading to increasing restrictions imposed by airlines on tickets out of Nigeria.
He said routes originating from outside Nigeria, such as Aberdeen to Lagos or New York to Abuja, could experience restrictions.
“Several airlines no longer allow Nigerian agents to issue such tickets, so we may be restricted in the range of airlines we can offer… we believe that restrictions will be in place for some time to come,” he said.
RESTRICTIONS ON BOOKING CLASS (INVENTORY)
The source also said there are now booking class restrictions, explaining some airlines have “dramatically restricted which classes can be sold to enable them to collect more naira per seat to offset their currency exchange woes.”
Confirming the development, Susan Akporiaye, president of the National Association of Nigeria Travel Agencies (NANTA), said the restrictions, mainly on the type of tickets sold, affect travel agencies.
“We can longer sell tickets that the point of origin is not Nigeria — UK or USA to Nigeria return — for example,” she said.
“We cannot sell the cheap tickets for some airlines as it has been taken out of the system. We cannot sell tickets that does (sic) not touch Nigeria, for example, London to Washington back to London.”
Akporiaye told TheCable that some airlines have removed lower inventories from the system. This means that in the economy cabin, for instance, prices ranging from N500, 000 downward have been removed, leaving Nigerians with the “highest inventory [which] is about N1.8milion”.
According to her, airlines have stopped selling the lower inventories because they make losses from them if they have to go to the parallel market to get dollars to fund operations.
“The higher inventory is what would make them to be able to break even and still have a little spread to be able to pay their staffs,” Akporiaye said.
TRAVELLERS SPEND MORE
The combined action of restricted tickets and booking classes put pressure on travellers’ budgets. Several agents said they are only left with the highest ticket fare in a cabin as the lower ones have been yanked off.
In addition, given that people would still want to travel to any part of the world, travel agents in Nigeria would have to source such tickets from colleagues outside Nigeria on behalf of customers.
The development makes the tickets more expensive since they are domiciled in dollars or the currency of that market.
Weighing in on the matter, Sindy Foster, principal managing partner, Avaero Capital Partners, said the situation is seriously impacting everyone involved: the foreign airlines, travel agents, and passengers.
Foster argues that removing cheaper tickets from airlines’ inventories has triggered paltry sales for agents and compels people to change their travel plans.
“A lot of people have been forced to travel indirect routes as those are cheaper and to downgrade from premium classes to the economy,” Foster said.
NIGERIA LOSING OUT ON REVENUE
But the country itself is not shielded from the boomeranging effect of declining the repatriation of funds. With travel agencies buying tickets from other markets for their clients, Nigeria is, therefore, losing revenue from ticket sales.
“The revenue for us as a travel agency will not also come to us. It will go to our other colleagues in other parts of the world, doing those tickets for us. You know airlines still pay local tax to the Nigerian government,” Akporiaye explained.
“If they’re supposed to pay tax on one million tickets in a month, because of this restriction, they’ll probably pay only on 500,000. So, the government has lost income from 500,000 tickets. So, it’s a loss to the Nigerian government.”
For Foster, it does not bode well for the country as it comes at a time Nigeria is seeking foreign investment, especially in the aviation sector.
“It sends the wrong signals,” she said.
VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT
The bilateral aviation safety agreement (BASA) is an air transport agreement between two countries that allows designated airlines to operate commercial flights, covering the transportation of passengers and cargoes.
In October 2019, when Nigeria signed one of such agreements with India, the number of BASAs the country is a signatory hit 92.
The BASA, among other provisions, allows airlines to repatriate their earnings to their countries.
Article 15 of this agreement, titled ‘Transfer of earnings’, states that; “each designated airline shall have the right to its country on-demand local revenues in excess of sums locally disbursed. Conversion and remittance shall be permitted without delay in accordance with the prevailing exchange regulations”.
According to aviation experts, the government is violating the BASA agreements by not allowing airlines access to the funds.
“Part of the BASA agreement is they should be allowed to repatriate their funds to their own country. And it’s not being done right now. So, it’s a violation,” Akporiaye said.
Akporiaye, however, noted that it is not an intentional violation as the situation is said to be caused by the shortage of FX.
“That’s why nobody is suing Nigeria for that,” she added.
Acknowledging the provisions of the agreement vis-à-vis repatriation, Foster noted that while the existence of BASA makes airlines entitled; if the country has no forex to cover the entitlement, there is nothing the airlines can do “other than adjust their operations to take that into account.”
Speaking to TheCable via text messages, Sam Adurogboye, spokesperson, Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), pleaded with the government to help the airlines repatriate the funds.
“We can only plead with FG and CBN to assist them to repatriate their funds,” he said.
The federal ministry of finance and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) did not respond to requests for comment on the matter.
Credit: The Cable
INFLATION: We Are Doing Better Than USA, Canada – Keyamo
Festus Keyamo, Minister of States for Labour and Employment, has said that Nigeria Fares better than major countries in the world in terms of the percentage of the rising inflation rate.
Keyamo who made this statement while appearing as a guest on Channels TV Political program, Politics Today, said the nation fared better than the United States of America, Canada, Russia, Spain, and others in the way the inflation is increasing.
According to him, other countries across the world had their inflation rate increased by a percentage that is way higher than that of Nigeria.
“With what we have gone through in the last seven years, Nigeria has done well in a context of macro global economy of major countries across the world.
“The inflation rate was hovering around 13 percent in 2020 around the pandemic. Now we are doing 18 percent. Which is about five percent.
“We are better than major countries around the world like the United States of America, like Canada, like Russia, like Spain, like Germany. Go and fact-check me. I am not saying their inflation is 18 percent. I am talking about the percentage of increase. In other words, we have tried to keep inflation down more than major countries.
“In fact, Ghana is worse. Ghana did 19 percent in term of increase. Ghana inflation now is about 29 or 30 percent. We are doing 18 percent. USA, Canada, Germany, and others are hovering between 10 percent and seven percent, higher than Nigeria which is doing five percent. It could have been worse, that’s the point I’m making,” Keyamo said.
FirstBank Branch, Head Office, Not Sealed
Our attention has been drawn to the news reports online with the conflicting claims that FirstBank branch or/head office has been sealed.
Please be informed that the referenced story is a misrepresentation of the facts and misleading. Neither our branch nor head office was sealed. On the 4th of August, 2022, there was an unlawful enforcement at the Bank’s Coomassie House Branch of a garnishee order issued by a Federal High Court sitting in Abuja which order the Bank is still challenging in court.
While the Bank has taken appropriate legal steps to deal with the situation, we wish to reassure our customers of unhindered banking services and unique customer experience in all our branches and through our numerous alternative channels.
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