Heritage Bank Plc, Risk Managers Association of Nigeria (RIMAN) and Financial Derivatives Company Limited have called on corporate organizations to adopt systemic and cultural changes to embed risk management into their organisations in a bid to manage uncertainties that may arise at any given time.
At the 17th Annual Conference organized by RIMAN in partnership with Heritage Bank Plc was attended by eminent personalities which included His Royal Highness, the Oba of Lagos, Oba Rilwan Akiolu and his council of chiefs and Professor Segun Ajibola, President of the Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria (CIBN) among others.
CEO of Financial Derivatives Company Limited, Mr. Bismarck Rewane stated this in a keynote address, remarking that risk advantage is the ability to systematically manage the uncertainty inherent in any given strategic position in order to generate an attractive return with less risk.
He said the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) risk advantage framework could be used to establish competitive strength in an age of uncertainty and that the components of the framework are expansive, anticipation, discipline and resilience.
He remarked that regular scenario planning helped to establish expansive anticipation and also hold managers accountable for factoring risk and uncertainty into their planning.
Rewane whose keynote address was titled: Risk Management for Economic Development and Revenue Diversification also enjoined them to take into account risks taken when reviewing the results achieved because linking risk to human resources and corporate governance builds resilience.
The keynote speaker who looked at risk from a multidimensional perspective but mainly from a policy maker perspective noted that the business cycle is a natural economic phenomenon of boom to slowdown to bust.
Quoting Matthew Bishop, Rewane defined risk as the chance or probability that things not turning out as expected, adding that risk taking lies in the heart of capitalism and is responsible for a large part of economic growth.
Other definitions of risk he proffered are: profit is the reward for risk taking; risk management is the process of bearing the risk of tolerance and minimizing the risk one does not want and risk is also hedging, diversification and buying insurance.
He remarked that economies were vulnerable to both exogenous and domestic shocks s as they go through business cycles, noting that in the last 100 years, there have been no less than 14 recessions, one depression in 1929 and at least two times when economic, financial and market crisis happened. Rewane noted that a stress test of the Nigerian banking industry presently would measure exposure to oil and gas (N1.62 trillion), telecoms (N673 billion) and power (N306 billion) which showed the industry non-performing loans were on the rise and thereby necessitating additional capital raising.
In his address of welcome, the President of RIMAN, Mr. Jude Monye welcomed delegates and participants to the conference with the theme: The Role of Risk Managers in Economic Development and Revenue Diversification.
According to him, the global oil crisis has left a bitter taste with most oil producing nations and Nigeria in particular, due to its heavy reliance on oil revenue and non-diversification of its revenue base among others.
He said RIMAN has been at the fore front of best practice in risk management in Nigeria for more than 16 years, adding that the resolve of the association to ensure best practice in risk management and risk advocacy remain unshaken.
$85m Trapped Revenue: Emirates Suspends ALL Flights To Nigeria September 1
Emirates Airlines has announced the suspension of its flight operations to Nigeria, starting September 1, 2022.
The flag carrier of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) made this known in a statement on Thursday, citing the inability to repatriate its earnings in foreign exchange from Nigeria.
Last month, Emirates asked Hadi Sirika, minister of aviation, to support the repatriation of its revenue, amounting to $85 million. Nigeria is facing a forex exchange crisis and this has also affected the nation’s local currency — Naira — to depreciate against the dollar.
The airline said the suspension would “limit further losses and reduce the impact on its operational costs that continue to accumulate in the Nigerian market”.
“Therefore, Emirates has taken the difficult decision to suspend all flights to and from Nigeria, effective 1 September 2022, to limit further losses and impact on our operational costs that continue to accumulate in the market,” the airline said.
“We sincerely regret the inconvenience caused to our customers, however, the circumstances are beyond our control at this stage. We will be working to help impacted customers make alternative travel arrangements wherever possible.
“Should there be any positive developments in the coming days regarding Emirates’ blocked funds in Nigeria, we remain keen to serve Nigeria, and our operations provide much-needed connectivity for Nigerian travellers, providing access to trade and tourism opportunities to Dubai, and to our broader network of over 130 destinations.”
In May, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) lamented the inability of foreign airlines to repatriate about $450 million in earnings
Of the amount, IATA said Nigeria alone is holding about $450 million due to a shortfall of foreign exchange (FX) and a dwindling reserve.
Sam Adurogboye, spokesperson for Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), in a chat with TheCable, pleaded with the government to help the airlines repatriate the funds.
Fuel Subsidy Hits N1.593tn, Refinery Rehabilitation Gulps N54.66bn, Data Reveals
The latest data on the amount spent on subsidizing Premium Motor Spirit, popularly called petrol, revealed that the government spent N1.593tn between January and June 2022 on subsidy.
It was also gathered that the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited pumped N54.66bn into refinery rehabilitation during the six months.
Figures obtained from the NNPCL’s presentation to the Federation Accounts Allocation Committee meeting for July 2022 showed that subsidies on petrol were implemented in June. The company transited from a public oil firm to a commercial entity last month.
It also made it clear in July that subsidy on petrol was now a burden of the Federal Government and not its responsibility.
An analysis of the July presentation to FAAC showed that fuel subsidy or under-recovery/value shortfall, as described by NNPCL, rose to N1.593tn in the first half of 2022.
Figures from the report indicated that the amounts spent as subsidy on the commodity in January, February, and March were N210.38bn, N219.78bn, and N245.77bn, respectively.
A total of N271.59bn, N327.1bn, and N319.18bn were spent as subsidy in April, May, and June respectively.
On refinery rehabilitation, the oil company spent N9.11bn in January and made no expense in February and March. It invested another N9.11bn in the facility.
It spent N9.11bn in each April and May 2022 on refinery rehabilitation, while investing N18.22bn on the plant in June.
In April this year, the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, said the April 2023 completion date for the rehabilitation of the Port Harcourt refinery was feasible and that the plant would refine 60,000 barrels of crude by early next year.
“This project kicked off second quarter last year and where they are now is quite impressive. It is on schedule. The commitment is to deliver 60,000 barrels per day from this refinery by the first quarter of next year, and, of course, we are quite happy,” Sylva had stated while inspecting the facility.
The NNPC officially signed the contract with Tecnimont SPA for the $1.5bn rehabilitation program of the Port Harcourt Refining Company in April 2021 and had promised that the facility would be completed in 18 months.
Meanwhile, the company’s July presentation to FAAC stated that the sum of N391.529bn was the gross domestic crude oil and gas revenue for June 2022.
It noted that the value shortfall on the importation of PMS recovered from June 2022 proceeds was N319.176bn while the outstanding balance carried forward was N1.01tn.
“The estimated value shortfall of N1,490,413,402,007.66 (consisting of arrears of N479,688,823,026.00 plus estimated June 2022 value shortfall of N1,010,724,578,981.66) is to be recovered from July 2022 proceed due for sharing at the August 2022 FAAC meeting,” the company stated.
The Chief Executive Officer, NNPCL, Mele Kyari, during the unveiling of the newly commercialized oil firm, stated that the company was now a private outfit and had nothing to do with FAAC anymore.
Responding to a question on what would happen to NNPC’s monthly FAAC contributions, kyari replied, “We are now a private company. Would MTN go to FAAC?”
When probed further to tell if there would be no more FAAC remittances from the company going forward, he said, “We will pay our taxes, royalties, and deliver dividends to our shareholders.”
Asked about the arrears to FAAC that were not delivered by the firm over the years, the CEO said, “Which arrears? That’s Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.”’
On how the oil firm would handle subsidy on petrol being a commercial entity, Kyari replied that fuel subsidy was not a burden of NNPC.
The CEO had said, “Subsidy is not NNPC’s burden. The subsidy is the decision of the state and in every jurisdiction anywhere in the world, countries see them differently. In some countries, they put petroleum tax on top of the market price of these products.
“So, when decisions are to be made in some jurisdictions, they will reduce the level of taxation. That also is another form of subsidy. In some countries, you have zero taxation but you will pay the market price for the commodity. That also in a way, in the fiscal system, looks at it from a subsidy point of view.
“In very many countries, a leader can decide that I don’t even want my countrymen to buy it at the market price. I’m ready to reduce that price for them so that they can buy.”
Kyari added, “In either case, whichever way the decision and the policy of the state decides, you know NNPC is there in the space to provide the product to the state at commercial value and, of course, it is also our duty to deliver to the customer at the price that the state wants.
“So it is no longer an NNPC issue. NNPC will have no issue with this. NNPC will be happy to supply because we will now see the state as our customer.”
Subsidy on petrol has remained an issue of concern among Nigerians and international agencies, as its humongous cost has continued to drain the treasury of the Federal Government.
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